How to prepare and How to survive an Epidemic
What is an epidemic?
For a disease to be classed as an epidemic, new cases of a certain disease within given human population and during a given period, must substantially exceeds what is expected – this will be based on the recent medical experiences.
You must not confuse an epidemic with an “outbreak” which will affect a much smaller group in a very specific area only.
There are two main causes of an epidemic:
1) ‘source outbreaks’ – this is where all the people have been exposed to the same agent.
2) ‘propagated outbreak’ – where a human has become the source of the disease and then it can therefore be transmitted easily between one human to another.
It is found that typically, an epidemic will show signs of both characteristics, this is because once a human is infected from a common source they are able to easily infect others that have not been exposed to that same common source.
What Is an Epidemic and How Does it Effect You?
We all know that biological warfare has always been around in one shape or another.
For hundreds, maybe even thousands of years it was put to great use in various military campaigns, with the generals ordering their soldiers to throw the diseased corpses of their victims into the camps and towns of the enemy to spread the disease.
Unfortunately in todays world, and with modern technology this task is far easier, actually giving rise to ‘multiple dispersal systems’.
This now means that just about any man made contagious disease can easily be spread into a heavily populated area. This task becomes easy without anyone being aware of it – until people start showing symptoms of the disease.
The more heavily populated and denser human areas are the number one targets for any biological attacks mainly because of the vastly increased human element.
In fact just a small vial of any disease can easily be used to infect a huge amount of people.
You only need to initially infect a small amount of people because of our ability to travel anywhere in the world in a very short time.
Essentially you just need one infected human to spread the disease throughout the town or even across the world.
If there is no information of an attack, the only way, you or anyone else will find out is when the actual disease itself starts to appear in humans.
Even at this stage, you will have no idea if the water or food supply has been contaminated – or even if the disease was spread by aerosol from above or maybe a smashed vial at a train station.
Surviving an epidemic.
To survive a deliberate biological attack, you must stop drinking your tap water and begin using your emergency supplies.
Many disease types are water-borne and it would be very possible for main water supply to be contaminated.
Take more precautions and do not bathe in tap water, do not prepare meals using tap water – instead change your personal hygiene routine and use hand sanitizer and body wipes, along with filtered or bottled water for cooking.
Possibly the most important factor to becoming contaminated, is by personal contact with an infected person. Therefore, don’t go outside your home if at all possible.
Discard any recently purchased fresh fruits, the same goes for any recent vegetables or any other types of fresh foods.
Remember, at this stage you have no way of knowing the the source of the epidemic and it is possible the food supply has been contaminated as well.
What Is an Epidemic and How Do You Survive One?
There are many factors to surviving an epidemic, not least your own immune system, so it goes without saying that maintaining your own health to a good standerd is an excellent, first line, defence – a healthy body is more difficult for a virus to attack.
It has been shown that very rarely does any infectious disease produce a 100% mortality rate unless. The exceptions to these statistics are diseases that have been purposely borne and mutated for the so-called germ warfare program.
Examples of ‘natural’ viruses – Ebola – what precautions are needed to survive?
Ebola, called the Ebola Virus Disease, is generally accepted to produce a mortality rate of roughly 68 percent.
Once an infection has been developed in humans, the Ebola Virus Disease will be spread in several ways.
Ebola is spread directly through contact (that would be – broken skin, cut skin or mucous membranes occurring in areas like the eyes, nose, or mouth) with
- blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
- objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
- infected animals
- Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or, in general by food.
- However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats.
- There is no evidence that mosquitoes or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread the Ebola virus.
Essential protections against any disease must include good personal and home sanitation practices, definately being vigilant by avoiding persons/areas you know to be infected and using good personal protection equipment when around anyone infected.
Clean, safe drinking water is essential, along with good health and nutrition – basically, an overall clean living environment is a prerequisite to surviving an epidemic.
Once you are aware of a possible epidemic disease the authorities may well impose quarantines – this will be very problematic, especially if you have not prepared yourself, your family and your home beforehand.
Once quarantined, you have a very restricted travel limitation – this will help prevent the spread, but it could also mean you are forced to live in an area where the disease is present.
**This will then prevent your movements to the point where you may not be able to leave to gather any supplies or materials you urgently need.
What Is an Epidemic and How to Prepare For One?
The #1 areas where you can do the most to protect yourself against any virus are through reducing the amount of direct contact with an infected person, good sterilisation and preparation of any equipment handled by yourself and others, and by stopping any airborne particles or fluids from entering your body from an infected person.
With a virus, your first line defence and minimum protection is a face mask filter – A Particulate N95 Respirator Mask shown here, is specifically designed to protect against these airborne diseases that are spread by infected humans and the various other dispersal methods causing the disease to become airborne.
Although you find that many viruses are not airborne, a good filter mask will definitely help to protect your mouth and nose area, thus preventing accidental ingestion of any infected body fluid or such like.
Other additional essential personal protection equipment includes Tychem Protective Coverall with Hood, Dynarex Black Nitrile Gloves,, Protection Chemical Splash/Impact Goggle and Microporous Shoe Covers that protect against bodily fluids such as blood and saliva.
It is also very important that to have enough protective equipment and supplies for each person in the family, and those anyone who is suspected of showing signs of the disease should wear a mask as well as those not infected.
Personal hand and body cleansing is important – so you must have a fresh and adequate supply of clean water, hand sanitizer and soaps.
Your hydration requirements can well increase for those infected so extra water supplies must be available.
Stay well informed of all the current epidemic events happening in your area and also the world by monitoring your local and world news organisations.
If your ‘friendly’ neighbour has to knock on your door in order to inform you of a problem in the area, and remember, they might be quite easily infected, then your chances of surviving an epidemic has just decreased dramatically.
Required Emergency Essentials to Have On Hand
- Instant Hand Antiseptic that contains at least 60 percent alcohol, soap and pre-moistened bathing wipes
- Gorilla Tape and sheets of plastic for covering windows and slowing down the spread within the home/area by quarantining certain areas using Clear Plastic Sheeting.
- One month water supply and if preparing for an epidemic use the recommended amount of 16 litres per person daily to calculate total amounts needed. An average healthy person needs at least two litres daily to maintain hydration levels, people infected may require twice these amounts or even more daily for hydration and personal hygiene.
- Additional water safeguards would be good quality bulk water filter system suitable of delivering enough safe water for your family.
- A minimum of one months supply of tinned foods and other long term storage / ready to eat meals that do not require any preparations
Should you really be worried about an Epidemic?
Of course you should be concerned, but not to the point of panicking or to where it disrupts your daily life unless you are close to the outbreak or infection.
To survive an epidemic it is essential to have information and know how to implement your protective measures as and when necessary – Staying put and not going outside your known safe zone can reduce your chances of infection unless you are close to a biological attack.
If the case of biological attack, an immediate bug out will increase your chances of survival.
You must be well away from the area before any local quarantines measures are put in place, if you’re too late in getting out local officials may very well block you from leaving.
But then again, you do not want to leave your area if you are showing signs of infection because you may not have access to vaccination and medical care you need. if you leave the area and you may will spread your infection onto others.
Being informed is possibly one of the most crucial parts of preparing for an epidemic, you must have good, correct information to make your decision as to whether you evacuate or stay.
What is an epidemic and will you survive one?
Yes, you can survive – you need to be informed and fully prepared and know where the so-called common exposure risk is at its highest – and remember, always assume any person may be carrying the disease and can it can be spread to you .
In simply, plain terms, if there is a biological attack or an outbreak in a certain area that seems most likely to develop further into an epidemic, then you must ensure you have enough information to make the decision as to leave immediately or take precautions and stay in place.
Of course, if there were ever a biological attack or a terrorist attack, where, as a result, an epidemic outbreak occurred, you would find that you had precious little time to prepare for yourself and your family – unless, of course, you have thought ahead and been able to systematically gather your extra provisions over the last weeks and months, (and even years) – if not, you have just left yourself wide open to being at high risk.
This is, of course, the very essence of prepping.
Gathering your the provisions and supplies and learning the necessary skills to survive
BEFORE you actually need them.