Feb 22 2014

Water Contamination

How to avoid water contamination in the wilderness. 

water uses for the body


The need for safe drinkable water is an essential part of life – Out in the wilderness it is even more essential to have access to drinking water, however, water contamination is a major problem when trying to obtain safe drinking water.

If you are in the wilderness for any amount of time your water requirements will be huge in comparison with the amount of water you can actually carry with you into the wilderness.

Safe drinking water is essential for survival.

The body is made up of 75% water that needs to be topped up and replenished each day for good bodily functioning and general health.

Make no mistake, you need water more than it needs you.!


Water facts

You can last 3 weeks without food, however, you can only last 3 days without water before your vital organs begin to fail, and it’s a very short time before death follows. 

You cannot carry all the water you need.

In order to drink your advised daily amount of 1/2 gal per day,  you would need to carry a huge amount of water, even for a short hiking trip of 5 days, you would need 2 1/2 gals of water per person, and thats just for drinking – forget washing, personal hygiene and sanitation needs.

That means an extra weight of 20 lbs….!

What happens when you run out of drinking water.? 

There are a few factors that could lead to running out of water:

  • Damaged water container causing leakage
  • Excessive heat, needing to drink more
  • Poor daily rationing

Can I drink from any water source  

This is where one of the biggest survival problem lies – you have many water sources in the wild – ponds, rivers, streams – drinking dirty water contaminated with bacteriabut all will present a very big risk to your health if you drink from them.

You must approach every pond, river or stream as having water contamination and being unsafe to drink.

You can almost guarantee the water will be contaminated with microbiological waterborne pathogens, with bacteria and parasite, viruses and fungi – all that will make you ill and worsen your survival situation.

Surface water sources are contaminated by animal faeces, birds, insects and animal carcases and, in some case, by humans as well – do you really want to drink that..!!

How to prevent water contamination in your drinking water.

In order to avoid having to carry dozens of bottles of water on your hiking trips, you have to look at the alternative methods of obtaining safe drinking water.

water filter bottle to prevent water contamination

Also, you have to have a convenient and easy to use method that will give safe drinking water immediately, as and when you need it.

In essence, the best way to avoid water contamination and have safe drinking water is to carry a portable water filter bottle on every hiking trip into the wild – it will completely eliminate the need to carry any water at all.

So long as you know you will have a source of water to draw from along your route, you are then guaranteed having a supply of drinking water at any time.


How does a water filter bottle work.?

Modern technology and manufacturing techniques have come up with the solution to removing all bacteria, viruses, cysts and all waterborne pathogens from contaminated water.  

It is all done by simply not allowing the bacteria and viruses through a very fine filter system – all bacteria, viruses, cysts and waterborne pathogens have a certain minimum size and by making the filter holes smaller than the bacteria it prevents any contaminated water from getting through.

In the LIFESAVER Ultra Filtration Water Bottle, shown here, the filter cartridge filters down to 15 nanometres, that is 0.015microns – With the smallest virus known being Polio at 25 nanometers, this means you get safe drinking water every time.


For survival in the wilderness, carrying one water filter bottle means not carrying dozens of bottles of drinking water or risking drinking from ponds and streams high in water contamination. The choice, for me, is easy..!


Take a look at this very, in depth, video review




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